The bitter gourd plant is a fast-growing creeper and is from a family of vines. It is also known as nutritious gourd and bitter melon. Bitter gourd plants vary in shape, size and colour but the medicinal uses make bitter melon more important and distinct than other medicinal plants.
The most important use of bitter gourd is, it reduces the blood sugar level and is very good for diabetic patients. Bitter gourd has lots of medicinal uses so you can plant them easily in your garden.
Note : Soak the Seeds for 24hrs in water before planting
Planting And Care
Re-planting bitter gourd: If you wish to re-plant bitter gourd the next season, leave some fruits so that they get completely dried
Once fully dried, the fruit will open and you can collect the white or brown colour seeds for further sowing
Bitter Gourd Care
Since this is a very fast growing vine, producing many fruits that will rot on moist soil, trellising will reduce diseases and make harvesting easier
When the vine reaches the top of its trellis, it is recommended that all lateral branches from the soil up to the 10th node as well as the growing tip of the vine be cut off as this will stimulate the upper branches and produce a higher yield
Partial to full sun
Keep soil consistently moist. Like other squash or melons, bitter melon fruits develop best when soil moisture remains even.
Soil should be fertile, but well-drained, with a pH of 5.5 to 6.7
15 to 30 °C
Add compost into the soil before planting. As plants grow, fertilize plants midway through the growing season.
When the fruit turns light green in colour and the inside is white, bitter and juicy, you can pluck out the bitter gourd (basically it takes 3-4 months of plantation).
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