The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times. They are grown and consumed throughout the world. Radishes have numerous varieties, varying in size, colour and duration of required cultivation time.
There are some radishes that are grown for their seeds; oilseed radishes are grown, as the name implies, for oil production. Radish can sprout from seed to small plant in as little as 3 days. Also known as spring radishes, summer radishes, winter radishes, Oriental radishes, Daikon, Japanese radishes, Chinese radishes, Raphanus sativus.
spring radishes, summer radishes, winter radishes, Oriental radishes, Daikon, Japanese radishes, Chinese radishes
Height: 0.5 to 1.5 feet spread: 0.5 to 0.75 feet
Spring and the fall
Planting And Care
Radishes require well-drained soil with consistent moisture
Thin radishes to about an inch apart when the plants are a week old
You will be amazed at the results
Sow radish seeds about an inch deep and 2 inches apart (or follow instructions on your seed packet) in your freshly prepared garden bed
Thin seedlings to about 6 inches apart once they are 2 inches tall
Space rows about 2 feet apart
Sow new seeds every two weeks for a successive crop
Full sun, part shade, Yields best in full sun.
Water your radishes regularly during dry weather. Try to keep the soil moist. Give them a good long soak as soon as the top of the soil dries out. Avoid over-watering. The soil should never be soggy. If roots are left to sit in too much water they are prone to rot.
Requires well-drained soil, loose soil, high in organic matter, free from stones, with pH 5.8 to 6.8. Needs plentiful, consistent moisture.
Germination temperature: 55 F to 85 F
radishes should not need much feeding if planted in fertile soil. However, they may benefit from a dressing of compost tea a couple of times throughout the growing season. Avoid fertilizers that are high in nitrogen. They help to produce lush leaves but poor vegetables.
Radishes will be ready to harvest quite rapidly, as three weeks after planting for some varieties.
Do not leave in the ground long after the mature stage, their condition will deteriorate quickly.
Cut the tops off short, wash the radishes and dry them thoroughly. Store in plastic bags in the refrigerator.
Radish greens can be stored separately for up to three days.
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